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Options Basics Tutorial

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LES PLANS D’OPTIONS D’ACHAT D’ACTIONS DE COLLABORATEURS OU STOCK OPTION PLANS. ASPECTS GENERAUX. Les plans d’intéressement des employés de sociétés ont été mis en place depuis le début des années sous l’influence anglo-saxonne. De manière générale, l’idée consiste en une implication du collaborateur . Québec bonifie la déduction pour option d’achat d’actions No Page 2 sur 3. De façon générale, les options d’achat d’actions accordées aux employés de sociétés publiques sont imposées au moment où les actions sont acquises, à l’exercice de l’option.

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Les options d’achat d’actions des employés SPCC Exemple: On va voir un exemple, Regardons un exemple. Supposons que le prix d’exercice est de 3 $ / action et que la valeur marchande est de 10 $ / action. Lorsque vous exercez votre droit d’acheter les actions, un avantage imposable est réalisé pour 7 $ / action (10 $ moins 3 $).

En d'autres termes, on peut, par exemple, gagner ou perdre sur une option alors que le sous-jacent ne varie que de Option d'achat Quand on achète une option d'achat appelée Call en anglais , on obtient le droit d'acheter le sous-jacent le plus souvent une action ou un indice: Si l'action atteint dans soixante jours, l'investisseur pourra donc l'acheter à prix d'exercice et la revendre immédiatement Il encaissera donc 6 de plus-value pour une mise initiale de 3.

Inversement si l'action cote moins de au terme des soixante jours, son option ne vaut plus rien et il aura perdu 3.

Les options d'achat sont donc utilisés dans une optique de hausse prévisible des cours du sous-jacent. Vente d'option d'achat Pendant les soixante jours de l'exemple précédant, le titulaire de l'option d'achat pourra aussi vendre cette option dont la valeur aura augmenté si l'action est sur une pente ascendante, et vice versa. Option de vente On peut aussi acheter des options de vente.

C'est-à-dire acheter aujourd'hui le droit de vendre une action à un prix donné pendant une certaine période ou jusqu'à une certaine date.

Si l'action atteint 95 dans soixante jours, l'investisseur pourra donc l'acheter à 95 son cours et la revendre immédiatement Inversement, si l'action cote plus de au terme de la période, son option ne vaut plus rien et il aura perdu 3. Location , justice , banque , assurances , vacances , formalités , consommation , However, in determining the tax implications of acquiring shares pursuant to the exercise of a stock option, a deduction equal to one-half i.

Accordingly, this income cannot be offset by a capital loss including any capital loss realized on the subsequent sale of any optioned shares at a trading value that has declined following the exercise of the options. However, typically the employer will look to the employee exercising the options to fund the required withholding. Consequently, it may be necessary for the employee to immediately sell some shares acquired to satisfy the tax remittance in addition to the acquisition costs to exercise the stock options.

The issuance of shares upon the option exercise does not provide a tax deduction to the employer. Stock options of Canadian Controlled Private Corporations.

In contrast to the taxation upon exercise for public company stock options, where stock options are issued by a Canadian Controlled Private Corporation CCPC , the taxation of the employment benefit is deferred until the employee disposes of the shares.

This deferral recognizes the reduced liquidity for CCPC shares versus public company shares. In addition, the aforementioned requirements to withhold and remit source deductions for the taxable stock option employment benefit do not apply where the taxation of the benefit is deferred under the above rules applicable to CCPCs.

As previously outlined, the acquisition costs to exercise the options and the stock option benefit i. However, where an employee already owns other shares of the employer company, the ACB of all identical shares will be averaged amongst the total shares held.

Alternatively, where stock options are exercised and the optioned shares are sold immediately, or within 30 days of exercise and no other identical shares are acquired or disposed during this period , the ACB of the optioned shares sold will not be averaged and can be isolated to that specific sale of the newly-optioned shares to prevent the recognition of any accrued gain or loss on the existing shares held.

Often, a Canadian resident is employed by a Canadian subsidiary of a U. In addition, if the employee provided employment services outside of Canada, the employee may be subject to taxation in that foreign jurisdiction on the stock option benefit which entails additional tax implications. When an individual dies holding unexercised stock options, the individual may have a deemed employment benefit arise at death.

The deemed income inclusion for the deceased employee will be the difference between the FMV of the option rights immediately after death and the amount paid if any to acquire the stock options. To be eligible for this incentive, the option shares must be publicly-traded securities and the shares or proceeds acquired through exercising the options must be donated to a qualifying charity. Assuming these qualifications are met, the reduced income inclusion is available if the shares are donated in the year acquired and within 30 days after the option exercise.

If the value of the shares decrease in the maximum day period before making the donation, or if only some of the shares or aggregate proceeds received by exercising the options are donated, the tax deduction will be reduced proportionately.

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